Type 2 diabetes usually results from high glucose levels (sugar) in the blood. Obesity, a high fat or high sugar diet, lack of physical activity, and genes all play a role.
Type 2 diabetes is one of the leading causes of death among adults in the United States. Despite education and awareness, doctors with the Centers for Disease Control are reporting that diabetes rates among Americans are dramatically increasing.
The prevalence of adult-onset diabetes in the United States increased from about 4.5 percent in 1995 to 8.2 percent in 2010, the CDC reported in fall 2012. Many communities Puerto Rico, Appalachia, and the South had prevalence rates exceeding 10 percent, according to the report.
Poor eating habits due to cultural upbringing and poverty may have increased diabetes in most of the communities with a higher rate of type 2 diabetes. The rates do not include pregnant women with gestational diabetes or people determined as borderline or pre-diabetic.
Type 2 diabetes is the result of too much glucose or sugar in the blood. Obesity, a high fat or high sugar diet, lack of physical activity, and genes all play a role in adult-onset diabetes. Once someone is diagnosed as diabetic, the illness can only be managed through oral or injected medications. There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, though losing weight and living a healthier lifestyle can dramatically reduce symptoms.
Diabetics tend to have problems with wound healing especially on the feet. Some diabetics require limb amputation due to the death of healthy skin and cells due to poor hygiene and wound care. All diabetics should carefully check their limbs every day. Also, uncontrolled diabetes can lead to fatal heart attacks and strokes. Blindness and kidney damage are additional possible complications of type 2 diabetes.